Bacillus: The effect can defeat marine life


1. Was ever ocean water mixed with sewage?
2. Is sewage treatment separate from ocean water even in developing countries?
3. In olden days did people have awareness of cleanliness for oceans?
4. Is bacillus multiplying fast in oceans?
5. Is heated ocean a more favourable condition for bacillus multiplication?
6. Does bacillus causes multiplication results in heating oceans?
7. Does multiplication of microbes in oceans causes heat generation?
8. Do higher number of living microbes cause heating of oceans just by their number?
9. Is bacillus causing disease to those microbes which are responsible for otherwise cooling the oceans?
10. Can bacillus cause disease to microbes which eat methane?
11. Can bacillus impair the cooling features of marine animals?
12. Does some species of bacillus absorbs carbon dioxide from oceans or does it acts opposite by affecting those microbes which do absorb carbon dioxide?
13. Does bacillus affects marine life by causing diseases or disorders?
14. Is bacillus the black magician behind climate change?
15. Has bacillus undergone genetic changes due to exposure to chemicals dropped in oceans?
16. Did we humans change bacillus genetic makeup by exposure to antibiotics? Did these changed bacillus enter oceans through air, soil or water?


noun: bacillus; plural noun: bacilli
1. a rod-shaped bacterium.
* a disease-causing bacterium.”the bacillus was thought to have proliferated in water polluted by sewage

Researched by Ekta Kalra

Lessons from Sewage Treatment for Ocean Treatment (Methane solution is here!) Part II

The below article is the continuation of the researcher’s study on sewage treatment with the focus on understanding oceans.

1. Sewage processing reduces the concentration of potentially harmful bacteria such as E. coli and Salmonella in the original sewage as many of them die during the processing because the conditions are not appropriate for them.
2. It is also important to reduce the amount of organic compounds in the effluents released into rivers from sewage works.
3. “If this is not done, then microbes naturally present in the river use the organic compounds as a source of energy and reproduce in huge numbers.”
4. “Since they respire aerobically, they use up much of the oxygen dissolved in the water, leaving little for other organisms such as invertebrates or fish, many of which will die.”
5. Sewage must therefore be treated to reduce the amount of organic matter, and thus reduce the Biological Oxygen Demand or BOD, defined as the amount of oxygen required by the aerobic microbes to decompose the organic compounds in a sample of water.

Reference for above 5 points:

Some thoughts on this:

1. Do we need to worry the same for oceans?
2. Will the pathogenic microbes if multiply in huge number reduce the oxygen level of oceans?
3. Has this happened in recent past and has been the hidden cause of multitudes of deaths of marine animals in oceans?
4. In less level of oxygen do otherwise useful microbes release toxins that kills marine animals?
5. Is there evidence that in the past developing countries near the oceans dumped sewage or waste therein?
6. Death and decay can end anything. Does this mean that if we don’t remove dead material from the bottom of oceans we invite pathogenic microbial multiplication?
7. If E. coli and Salmonella multiply real quick in oceans then will it mean death of marine animals? Can fish resist the microbes that multiply on its own excretion (sewage)?
8. Is there need of reducing organic material from oceans?
9. Is sewage the future of oceans if left untreated and not helped but harmed?
10. How can we change the future of oceans by NOT dumping waste but by removing waste?

Researched by Ekta Kalra

Lessons from Sewage Treatment for Ocean Treatment (Methane solution is here!)

This article talks about the lessons which sewage treatment can teach to the scientists working on ocean treatment.

Referred this site:

Important points from the above article on sewage treatment:

1. About 10 billion litres of sewage are produced every day in England and Wales and this has to be treated to remove harmful substances and pathogenic microbes before the waste can be safely released into the environment.
2. The main component of sewage is organic matter (undigested food) but there are other substances such as oil, heavy metals, nitrogen and phosphorous compounds (from artificial fertilisers and detergents) which also have to be removed.
3. Here you will consider the important role of microbes in the sewage treatment process.
4. Rain water is included.
5. What then remains is the liquid portion, or effluent, which is rich in suspended organic matter and some pathogenic microbes. This liquid portion will ultimately be released into rivers or the sea but it is vital to first reduce the organic matter content and eliminate harmful microbes.
6. To do this the liquid is fed into an aeration tank containing a complex community of microbes. The contents of the tank are mixed mechanically with air or air is bubbled through the tank. The microbes then use the organic material in the sewage as their source of carbohydrate for respiration.
7. Thus, microbes help treat sewage as per the above article.

Some thoughts on this:

1. If sewage is not treated it might produce methane gas.
2. This is a fight between good and bad microbes.

Some ideas of learnings from sewage treatment:

1. Can we apply the learnings from sewage treatment to ocean water?
2. Is fish excretion not something similar to sewage?
3. Do we need the right microbes and aeration in oceans?
4. Is the level of oxygen declining in oceans so as to cause methane production?
5. Can the solid waste and sewage be exactly what we are vaguely talking about in oceans?
6. What more can we begin to learn by co- relating sewage treatment and ocean treatment?

Thank you!

Researched by Ekta Kalra